- Catégorie : Articles
- Publication : vendredi 13 novembre 2020 09:54
OHBA T., LIUTSKO L., SCHNEIDER T., FRANCESC BARQUINERO J., CROUAÏL P., FATTIBENE P., KESMINIENE A., LAURIER D., SARUKHAN A., SKUTERUD L., TANIGAWA K., TOMKIV Y., CARDIS E.
Environment International, Vol. 146, 2021
Experience suggests that current nuclear accident response planning in European countries mostly has a technical focus, with less attention paid to social, psychological and ethical issues. Information provided tends to be directed towards decisions made by experts, rather than for the support of affected populations. The SHAMISEN (Nuclear Emergency Situations - Improvement of Medical And Health Surveillance) consortium, composed of close to 50 experts from 10 countries, performed a critical review of current recommendations and experiences regarding dose assessment and reconstruction, evacuation decisions, long-term health surveillance programmes and epidemiological studies. The review included case studies and lessons drawn from the living conditions and health status of populations affected by the Chernobyl and Fukushima accidents, taking an integrative approach to health and well-being. Based on this work, SHAMISEN developed a series of comprehensive recommendations aimed at improving the preparedness, response, long-term surveillance and living conditions of populations affected by past or future radiation accidents, in a manner responding to their needs, while minimising un- necessary anxiety.