- Catégorie : Rapports
- Publication : mardi 28 avril 2020 17:15
CEPN-R-329, Février 2020.
The TERRITORIES project, funded under the H2020 CONCERT, aims To Enhance unceRtainties Reduction and stakeholders Involvement TOwards integrated and graded Risk management of humans and wildlife In long-lasting radiological Exposure Situations.A key aim of this project was to suggest recommendations for assessing and managing long- term exposure situations, both after a nuclear accident or in cases of enhanced natural radioactivity (NORM). More specifically, these recommendations concern, firstly, the treatment of the uncertainties associated with the evaluation of doses to human populations and wild species, and secondly their consideration in decision-making processes by the various concerned stakeholders (e.g. institutional structures, experts, associations, inhabitants, etc.).
The deliverable 9.71 is dedicated to the presentation of recommendations aiming to improve the consideration of uncertainties in the decision-making process after nuclear accidents with off-site long term radiological consequences.
It must be pointed out that the recommendations suggested in this report are based on feedback experiences which mainly come from ‘worst cases’ (Chernobyl and Fukushima major accidents were ranked level 7 on INES). An accident of this magnitude is a highly disruptive event that undermines institutions and profoundly and deeply disrupts the society and the life of people in all their dimensions (e.g., employment, access to public services, family life, social life, etc.). Less serious events (rated level 4 or higher on the IAEA INES scale) have been also discussed with stakeholders, in order to challenge with them the way to cope with uncertainties and to identify the resilience factors of their territory.
For the long-term, the main challenge of a post-accidental recovery policy is to (re)establish dignified living conditions for the impacted communities. It should be stressed here that the remediation and rehabilitation strategies implemented should not aim at – as they will not succeed to – a return to the previous (“ante”) situation. From this perspective, it will be particularly important to focus on conditions that can foster the resilience of the population. In that sense, the management process and the available technical tools need to be adapted to best respond to the revitalization challenges (e.g. social & economic activities, access to health care, development of public infrastructures, cultural identity, etc.) of the impacted territory.